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Oxalate - Reciprocal Net Common Molecule Log in
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Oxalate

An oxylate, or oxalate, is the salt of a metal ion and oxalic acid.

Chemical Formula: C2O42-
Other names: kidney stones
Layman's explanation: In 1808, Thomas Thomson presented On Oxalic Acid to the Royal Society. He credited the disovery of oxalic acid to Scheele, but claimed Bergman s 1776 dissertation as the first discussion of its properties. Oxalic acid belongs to the family of carboxylic acids, found in the form of an odorless, colorless white crystal. Many foods contain oxalates, such as black tea, green leafy vegetables and chocolate. Upon ingestion, oxalic acid enters the bloodstream and precipitates out as calcium oxalate, which is generally excreted through urine, but can collect in the tubules of the kideys to form what is commonly known as kidney stones. However, oxalates have many pharmacological applications, such as escitalopram oxalate, which acts as a selective serotonin uptake inhibitor, and is thus useful in the treatment of depression. However, too much oxalate can be toxic due to the lack of serotonin uptake. Some fruits, such as star fruit, have neurotoxic properties because of their high levels of oxalate.
Keywords: black tea, serotonin uptake inhibitor

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