Diazepam is a compound that belongs to a group of benzodiazepine tranquilizers.
Diazepam, commonly called Valium, is a sedative that reduces the neuronal firings in the brain. In excess amounts, the central nervous system is depressed and symptoms can range from drowsiness to becoming comatose. Dependence may result from long time use of this drug. Hoffmann La Roche, a Swiss pharmaceutical company that launched the product in 1963, manufactures diazepam as Valium. The idea of using a sedative/tranquilizer as a drug for humans was proposed to Roche by Alec Jenner, a psychiatrist who was willing to test the drug on his patients. It was found that Valium relieves anxiety, tension, and reflux muscle spasms caused by trauma.
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