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Common molecules sample 50523 - Reciprocal Net Log in
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Empirical formula: C2H4
a: 4.626 Å
b: 6.620 Å
c: 4.067 Å
α (alpha): 90.00 °
β (beta): 94.39 °
γ (gamma): 90.00 °
Volume: 124.18 Å3
Space group: P21/n
Calculated density: 0.750 g/cm3
Z: 2
Formula weight: 28.054 g/mole
R(F): 0.0231
Short description: Ethylene is a simple but highly useful organic chemical.
Keyword: polymer
Keyword: plant
Keyword: plastic
Keyword: hydrocarbon
Common name: Ethylene
CSD refcode: ETHLEN10
Layman's explanation: Ethylene is among the simplest organic compounds. This compound is a colorless gas with a pungent smell that can be isolated from oil and natural gas. Plants use ethylene to control ripening and growth. Dimitry Neljubow first discovered this in 1901 in St. Petersburg, Russia when he observed that plants near gas lanterns had abnormally shaped stems and leaves. This made ethylene the oldest known growth regulator. Today farmers use ethylene to promote the ripening of fruits before they are sold in stores. Ethylene is also very important for making plastics. The chemical is polymerized into polyethylene, a plastic found in many products such as cling wrap, electrical insulation, and pipes. Ethylene is also used to make styrene, which is polymerized to make polystyrene. Polystyrene is best known as Styrofoam, a common component in insulators, floatation devices, and food containers. Ethylene is also used in medicine as inhalation anesthetic.
Citation of a publication: G. J. H. van Nes, A. Vos; Acta Crystallogr., Sect. B: Struct. Crystallogr. Cryst. Chem., 35, (1979), 2593
Miscellaneous comments: Structure obtained courtesy of the Cambridge Structural Database
Lab name: Common molecules
Sample provider: Contributed by Indiana University
Status: Complete, visible to public
Repository Files:
50523.cif 50523.crt 50523.gif 50523.GIF 50523.ort
50523.pdb 50523.tab 50523.xtel

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