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Ethanol - Reciprocal Net Common Molecule Log in
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Ethanol is used throughout the world.

Chemical Formula: C2H6O
Other names: Ethyl alcohol, Alcohol, Ethanol
Layman's explanation: Ethanol is a clear, colorless liquid that has a very distinct alcohol smell. It was discovered/made as far back as 6000 B.C. in the production of beer and wine. The Chinese were the first to distill it from fermented rice liquor. It is fermented from glucose sugars of plant cell walls. Ethanol is the primary ingredient in alcoholic beverages and is a central nervous system depressant in humans. It is absorbed in the gastrointestinal tract and reacts violently with oxidants. Henry Ford used ethanol to run the first engine for the Model T. Currently, there is a lot of research related to increasing use of ethanol as a fuel to help the environment and offset the demand of oil since it burns much cleaner than oil and is a renewable resource. Ethanol is commonly used as a disinfectant; it kills organisms by denaturing their proteins and dissolving their lipids: it is effective against most bacteria and fungi, and many viruses, but is ineffective against bacterial spores. This disinfectant property of ethanol is the reason that alcoholic beverages can be stored for a long time.
Keywords: gastrointestinal, fuel, alcohol

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