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Salicylic acid - Reciprocal Net Common Molecule Log in
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Salicylic acid

Salicylic acid is used in the manufacture of acetylsalicylic acid, known as aspirin.

Chemical Formula: C7H6O3
Other names: o-hydroxybenzoic acid, salonil, 2-hydroxybenzoic acid
Layman's explanation: Salicylic acid is a colorless to white crystalline powder with a sweetish acrid taste that occurs naturally in many microorganisms and plants in very small amounts. It is also made synthetically and used as preservative of food products in some countries and as an antiseptic in mouthwashes and toothpastes. This chemical is also used in the manufacture of methyl salicylates, acetylasalicylic acid (aspirin) and other salicylates. Salicylic acid is a chemical intermediate in the synthesis of dyestuff, salicylate esters and salts. It is prepared commercially by heating sodium phenolate (the sodium salt of phenol) with carbon dioxide under pressure to form sodium salicylate, which is treated with sulfuric acid to liberate salicylic acid. Salicylic acid is quite irritating to skin and mucosa and it destroys epithelial cells. Absorption of large amounts can cause vomiting, abdominal pain, acidosis and mental disturbances.
Keywords: additive, aspirin, antiseptic

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