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Common Molecules:
Elements, Ions and Simple Molecules
image of Salt image of ion

An element is one of 114 presently known substances that constitute matter. The atoms of one element have a certain number of protons and exactly the same number of electrons. They may howver have different masses (constituting different isotopes) if they have different numbers of neutrons. Elements (and chemical compounds) may occur in different structures called polymorphs.
An ion is a positively or negatively charged atom or molecule. That means the number of electrons and protons of at least one atom in the molecule are not equal.
Simple Molecules
Under this category you will find simple inorganic molecules like salts, acids, bases, and also organic molecules such as common solvents, short chain hydrocarbons, cyclic hydrocarbons, and some heterocycles.

Inorganic Organic
Elements and IonsMaterials and TechnologyBiological MoleculesMinerals and GemsEnvironmental Molecules
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