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Alphabetical List of
Common Molecules





A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q R S T U V W X Z


A

Abscisic acid   Abscisic acid is a naturally occurring hormone in plants.
Acenaphthylene   Acenaphthylene is a low molecular weight, 2-ring polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH).
Acetaminophen   Acetaminophen is the active ingredient in Tylenol.
Acetate   Sodium acetate forms white crystals in powder form.
Acetic acid   Acetic acid is the compound responsible for the pungent characteristic odor and sour taste of vinegar.
Acetone   Acetone is a colorless liquid that has a distinctive smell and taste.
Acetophenone   Acetophenone is a colorless liquid or white crystal, with characteristic odor.
Acetyl peroxide   Acetyl peroxide is used as a catalyst for resins.
Acetyl salicylic acid   Aspirin is an over-the-counter analgesic.
2-Acetylaminofluorene   2-Acetylaminofluorene is white-colored solid, man-made chemical compound used in medicines and fabric dyes.
Acetylcholine   O-Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter.
Acetylcholine chloride   O-Acetylcholine is a neurotransmitter.
Acetylene   Acetylene is an odorless and colorless gas with a garlic-like odor.
Acroleic acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
Acrylamide   Acrylamide is a toxin and possible carcinogen used in water treatment.
Acrylic acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
Acrylonitrile   Acrylonitrile is a toxin and possible carcinogen used in industrial manufacturing.
α-Actinin   Actin aids in providing structure and shape to animal, plant, and fungal cells.
Acyclovir hydrate   A viral inhibitor commonly used as a medication for HIV and Aids patients.
Adenine   Adenine is one of the two purine bases used in forming nucleotides DNA and RNA.
Adenosine   Adenosine is a purine nucleoside.
Adipic acid   Adipic acid is used as an acidulant in non-alcoholic beverages, gelatins and puddings.
Adrenaline   Adrenaline is a hormone synthesized in the adrenal medulla.
Adrucil   5-Fluorouracil is an antimetabolite used to treat cancer.
Advil   Ibuprofen is a very popular drug used to assist in reducing inflammatory response.
Alanine   Alanine is a non-essential amino acid.
L-Alanine   Alanine is a non-essential amino acid.
Aldrin   Aldrin is a banned insecticide and a persistent organic pollutant.
Allene   Allene is a chiral compound.
α-Tocopherol   Vitamin E can be used to prevent and treat arteriosclerosis.
Aluminum bromide   Aluminum bromide is flammable and corrosive.
Aluminum fluoride   Aluminum fluoride is used as coating material for mirrors and lasers.
Aluminum monoxide   Aluminum monoxide has been identified in the infrared spectrum and it is believed to exist in circumstellar matter.
Amidox   Amidox is a widely used herbicide.
α-Aminobutyric acid   Aminobutyric acid (ABA) is a non-protein amino acid that can protect certain plants from pathogens.
DL-3-Aminoisobutyric acid monohydrate   Aminoisobutyric acid monohydrate is a non-protein amino acid, which posses an antifungal activity.
Ammonium ion   Ammonium is an important ion in the fertilizer industry.
Amoxone   Amoxone is a widely used herbicide.
Amphidinolide B1 cyclohexane solvate   Amphidinolide B1 has been isolated from dinoflagellates, amphidinium.
Amphidinolide H   Amphidinolide H is a potential anti-cancer agent.
Anatase   Anatase is a rare form of titanium oxide that is found in igneous rocks.
Androsterone   Androsterone is an androgen or male sex hormone.
Anhydrite   Anhydrite is the dehydrated from of the mineral Gypsum.
Anhydroanguibactin   Anhydroanguibactin was isolated from the fish pathogen Vibrio anguillarum.
Anhydroscymnol   Anhydroscymnol is the product of alkaline hydrolysis of scymnol sulfate.
Aniline   Aniline is used in the manufacture of resins, varnishes, perfumes and printing inks.
Annulin A   Annulin A has been isolated from the marine hydroid Garveia annulata.
Anthracene   Anthracene, a PAH, is a pollutant used to manufacture dyes.
Antimony   Antimony is a Silver-white, lustrous, and hard metal.
Apatite   Apatite is found in all rock types.
Apophyllite   Apophyllite specimens are found in ancient lava and basalt flows.
Aqua-kleen   Aqua-kleen is a widely used herbicide.
Aquamarine   Aquamarine is a gorgeous bluish-green gemstone found commonly in Brazil.
Aragonite   Aragonite is a mineral in the calcium carbonate group, and is the cousin of calcite.
Arginine   Arginine is an amino acid with several important functions.
L-Arginine hydrobromide monohydrate   Arginine is an amino acid with several important functions.
Arkelite   Arkelite is the main component of cubic zirconium.
Arsenic   Arsenic is a brittle greyish crystalline solid.
Arsenopyrite   Arsenopyrite, aka Mispickel, is an abundant mineral throughout the world.
Arsine   Arsine is a highly toxic gas with a garlic-like or fishy odor that was used as war gas.
Ascidiacyclamide benzene solvate   Ascidiacyclamide is a cyclic octapeptide containing the amino acids thiazole and oxazoline.
Ascorbic acid   Vitamin C is an essential nutrient that is used in many biochemical pathways in the human body.
Asparagine   Asparagine is a non-essential amino acid and is the β-amide of aspartic acid.
Aspartame   Aspartame is a common artificial sweetener.
Aspartic acid   Aspartate is a nonessential amino acid that is produced in the liver.
Aspirin   Aspirin is an over-the-counter analgesic.
Aspirochlorine   Aspirochlorine is a natural product derived from glycine.
ATP   ATP is short for adenosine triphosphate which is a nucleotide that has a ribose sugar and three phosphate groups.
AZT   AZT is one of the most commonly used anti-HIV drugs.
Azurite   Azurite is a mineral closely associated with malachite.
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B

Bacteriopheophytin A   Pheophytin is a chlorophyll derivative involved in photosynthesis.
Barite   Barite is a very common mineral that is usually white or colorless.
Barium chloride   Barium chloride exists as a toxic, colorless crystal.
9-BBN   9-BBN is extremely susceptible to air oxidation and may spontaneously combust.
Benitoite   Benitoite is the state gem of California.
Benzene   Benzene is an air-borne hydrocarbon that is produced by burning natural products.
Benzoic acid   Benzoic acid occurs as white needle shaped crystals found naturally in gum benzoin.
Benzophenone   Benzophenone is an aromatic compound with a fragrance like geranium.
Benzo(a)pyrene   Benzo(a)pyrene is commonly found in cigarette smoke, coal tar and fuel exhaust.
p-Benzoquinone   p-Benzoquinone can be highly toxic and fatal if swallowed, inhaled or absorbed through the skin.
Benzothiazole   Benzothiazole is used as a food additive despite its unpleasant odor.
Beryl   Beryl is colorless in pure form however impurities make it sought after gemstones like emeralds and aquamarines.
Beryl   Aquamarine is a gorgeous bluish-green gemstone found commonly in Brazil.
Biacetyl   2,3-butanedione, also known as diacetyl, is the compound responsible for giving butter, butterscotch, and some beers, their flavor.
Bicyclomycin   Bicyclomycin is an antibacterial drug that acts as an inhibitor of the ρ transcription terminator factor.
Biotin   Vitamin H is water-soluble and belongs to the group of essential B vitamins.
Biphosphate ion   The biphosphate ion occurs naturally and is important for cell functions in the body.
Bismuth   Bismuth is a brittle greyish-white metal with a pinkish tinge.
Bisulphite ion   Bisulfite is an ion used in the brewing industry and in the paper industry.
Boracite   Boracite is an industrially important ore of boron.
Borax   Borax is an industrially important mineral and a boron source.
Borazine   Borazine, the inorganic analog of benzene, is a valuable precursor to hexagonal and cubic boron-nitride.
Boron   Boron is solid at room temperature.
Boron trifluoride   Boron trifluoride is a common lewis acid.
Boron trifluoride etherate   Boron trifluoride is a common lewis acid.
Brazilianite   Brazilianite is one of a few phosphate gems.
Brevetoxin B   Brevetoxin is a harmful marine neurotoxin found in algae which causes poisoning of humans and death to marine life when ingested.
Bromoaureol acetate   Bromoaureol acetate is an unusual sesquiterpene-hydroquinone derivative found in a marine sponge.
1-Bromo-1-chloro-ethene   Bromochloroethene is a halogenated hydrocarbon that it is believed contributes to the depletion of ozone layer.
Bromo-chloro-fluoro-methane   Bromochlorofluoromethane is a chiral molecule.
Bromopentafluoride   Bromine pentafluoride is used as a fluorinating agent to produce fluorocarbons.
Brooklax   Phenolphthalein consists of three phenol rings attatched to a common carbon atom.
Buckminsterfullerene   Buckminsterfullerene is a spherical shaped allotrope of carbon discovered in 1985.
BuLi   N-Butyl Lithium is one of the most highly used organolithium compounds.
Bupropion   Bupropion is an anti-depressant of the amino-ketone class.
Butylbenzoic acid   Butylbenzoic acid is a white to light yellow crystalline flakes used as intermediate of pharmaceuticals.
Butyric acid   n-Butyric acid is a viscous, foul-smelling, liquid carboxylic acid.
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C

C60 Fullerene    Buckminsterfullerene is a spherical shaped allotrope of carbon discovered in 1985.
C70 Fullerene   Fullerenes are spherical, cagelike molecules consisting of annelated carbon five - and six rings.
Caffeine   A stimulant found in drinks and used in pharmaceuticals.
Calcite   Calcite is the most common form of calcium carbonate.
Calcium hydride   Calcium Hydride is a cold-trapped molecule that is investigated for applications in laser spectroscopy.
Calcium hydroxide   Calcium hydroxide can be found in plasmas, flames and in circumstellar shells.
Calcium monoxide   Calcium monoxide can be colorless cubic crystals; white or grayish white lumps, or granular powder.
Calcium sulfide   Calcium sulfide has an unpleasant smell like rotten egg.
Caledonite   Caledonite is a blue green mineral which was discovered in Caledonia, now known as Scotland.
Calyculin A   Calyculin A was initially isolated from the marine sponge Discodermia calyx.
Camphor   Camphor is a component in many analgesic, sore muscle, and chest rubs and in natural cough suppressants.
Cantharidin   Cantharidin is a chemical derived from the green blister beetle used for wart treatment.
ε-Caprolactam   Caprolactam was discovered in 1886 and means goat s milk.
Captan   Captan is a General Use Pesticide (GUP).
Carbon acid gas   Carbon dioxide, CO2, is one of the gases in our atmosphere, which is uniformly distributed over the earth's surface.
Carbon dioxide   Carbon dioxide, CO2, is one of the gases in our atmosphere, which is uniformly distributed over the earth's surface.
Carbon suboxide   Carbon suboxide is a foul-smelling lachrymatory gas.
Carbon tetrachloride   Carbon tetrachlooride (CCl4), also called tetrachloromethane, is a simple organic halogen compound.
Carbonate   The acid that causes the tart taste of carbonated beverages.
Carbonate ion   Carbonates are widely used, dependent on the cation, as pharamceuticals, detergent, and pesticides.
Carbonic acid   Carbonic acid is a product in the fermentation of liquors.
Carbonic anhydride   Carbon dioxide, CO2, is one of the gases in our atmosphere, which is uniformly distributed over the earth's surface.
Carletonite   Carletonite is a rare mineral found only in Mt Saint-Hilaire, Quebec, Canada.
Carnallite   Carnallite is a white or reddish mineral used as a fertilizer and as a source of potassium and magnesium.
R-Carnitine   R-Carnitine is an important biological molecule that plays a role in fat metabolism.
β-Carotene   β-carotene is found in many plants and has a high nutritional value.
L-Carvone   This compound is used as a flavoring and perfume agent.
Caryophyllene   Caryophyllene is an aromatic compound common in many substances.
Cassiterite   Cassiterite is a mineral with high luster.
Catechol   Catechol occurs naturally in fruits and vegetables.
Cavansite   Cavansite is an electric or ocean blue mineral.
Celestine   Celestine is a sky blue mineral that is structurally and often physically similar to Barite.
Cembranolide   Cembranolide is a marine natural product isolated from soft coral with antitumor activity.
Cerussite   Cerussite crystals can be found twinned in portions of ore deposits.
Chalcanthite   Chalcanthite is a bluish mineral that is water soluble.
Chalcopyrite   Chalcopyrite is a brassy yellow mineral that tarnishes to irridescent blues, greens, yellows and purples.
Chlorate   Chlorate is a very strong oxidizing agent.
Trans-Chlordane   Chlordane is a constituent of pesticides now largely banned and a UN-designated "dirty dozen POP."
Chlordene   Chlordene is an intermediate in the manufacture of insecticides chlordane and heptachlor.
Chlorine monoxide   Chlorine monoxide plays an important role in the breakdown of the stratospheric ozone.
Chlorocresol   Chlorocresol is used as a preservative for glues, paints, creams, inks and textiles.
Chloro-difluoro-methane   Chlorodifluoromethane is a highly useful compound but has severe toxic effects.
Chloromethane   Chloromethane is a natural substance found in air, water, and soil that is toxic at high levels.
Chlorophyll   Chlorophyll is the molecule that absorbs sunlight and is responsible for the photosynthesis process.
Chlorosulfuric acid   NULL
Cholecalciferol   Vitamin D3 is one of the most important biological regulators of calcium metabolism.
Cholesterol   Cholesterol is a steroid alcohol (sterol) important to animal cell structure and related to coronary health.
Cholic acid acrylonitrile clathrate   Acrylonitrile is a toxin and possible carcinogen used in industrial manufacturing.
Chromate   Salts of chromate are brightly colored yellow to red compounds.
Chromium   Chromium is a naturally occurring element that has been determined to be a human carcinogen.
Chromium trioxide   Chromium trioxide reacts with most organic material in a violent and often explosive fashion.
Chrysene   Chrysene is a colorless crystalline solid used primarily in research.
Chrysoberyl   Chrysoberyl is a rare oxide mineral.
Cinnabar   Cinnabar is a bright scarlet or blood red to a brick red colored mineral with a submetallic luster.
Cinnamic acid   Cinnamic acid derivatives are important metabolic building blocks in the production of lignins for higher plants.
Cinnamon   Cinnamaldehyde is the primary active component in cinnamon.
Cisplatin   Cisplatin is an anticancer drug that is used to treat ovarian, testicular, and bladder cancers.
Citric acid   Citric acid is a component of many types of fruits.
Clinoclase   Clinoclase has a beautiful dark blue to dark greenish blue color.
Cocaine   A strong central nervous system stimulant that enhances alertness and restrains appetite.
Codeine   Codeine is the most widely used, naturally occurring narcotic in medical treatment.
Pseudo-conhydrine   Pseudo-conhydrine is found in hemlock, a poisonous herb of the parsley family.
Collagen   Collagen composes twenty five percent of all protein in the human body.
Copiapite   Copiapite is a hydrous sulfate.
Copiapite ferrian   Copiapite is a hydrous sulfate.
Copper   Copper is a very common, distinctively colored element.
Coronene   Coronene is a polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbon (PAH) containing seven aromatic carbon rings.
Cortisol   Cortisol is a steroid hormone secreted in response to physical or psychological stress.
Cortisone   Cortisone injections can be used to treat inflammation of the body.
Corundum   Corundum is the second hardest natural mineral.
Coumarin   Coumarin is usually associated with the smell of newly-mown, sweetclover hay. It has a very sweet smell, but a very bitter taste.
Creatine   Creatine is an amino acid that is made in the body by liver and kidneys.
m-Cresol   m-Cresol, a possible toxic carcinogen, has many applications in industry.
p-Cresol   p-Cresol has a phenolic odor and is slightly soluble in water.
Crocoite   Crocoite is a rare chromate mineral that is orange-red in color.
Cryolite   Cryolite is added to fireworks to produce yellow-colored explosion.
Cucurbitine   Cucurbitine is used for the preparation of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
Cucurbitine perchlorate   Cucurbitine is used for the preparation of cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
Cumene hydroperoxide   Cumene hydroperoxide is thermally unstable.
Curcumin   Curcumin is found in the root of the turmeric plant Curcuma longa.
Cyanide ion   The central nervous system is the primary target organ for cyanide toxicity.
Cyanoacetylene   Cyanoacetylene was detected in interstellar space in 1970.
Cyanoacrylate    Cyanoacrylate is part of super glue.
Cyanogen   Cyanogen is a colorless gas with almond-like odor, which is acrid and pungent in high concentrations.
Cyclobutane   Cyclobutane is an aliphatic cyclic hydrocarbon.
Cyclohexane   Cyclohexane is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon.
Cyclomarin A   Cyclomarin A is found in sea dwelling bacteria.
Cyclomarin A diacetate ethyl acetate solvate   Cyclomarin A is found in sea dwelling bacteria.
Cyclopropane   Cyclopropane is used as an anesthetic and as a precursor to many pharmaceuticals.
Cyclopropane carboxylic acid   Cyclopropanecarboxylic acid is a clear liquid used in organic synthesis.
Cyclopropenylidene   Carbenes are highly reactive and play an important role as intermediate in organic synthesis.
Cycloxazoline   Cycloxazoline is a marine natural product.
Cymobarbatol   Cymobarbatol is an antimutagenic agent isolated from the marine algae Cymopolia barbata.
Cysteine   Cysteine is a sulfur containing, non-essential amino acid.
Cytidine   Cytidine is a pyrimidine nucleoside.
Cytosine   Cytosine is a base used in storing and transporting genetic information.
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D

2,4 D   2,4-D is a widely used herbicide.
D-Glucitol   Sorbitol is a bulk sweetner with a pleasant taste. It is a suitable substitute for sugar.
D-(-)-Luciferin   Luciferin is a pigment occurring in luminescent organism as fireflies.
Dactylallene   Dactylallene was isolated from the digestive gland of the anaspidean mollusc Aplysia dactylomela.
p,p-DDE   DDE is a breakdown product of the notorious pollutant DDT.
DDT   DDT or 1,1-bis(p-Chlorophenyl)-2,2,2-trichloroethane was a popular insecticide commonly used in the 1940s through to the 1970s.
Decachlorobiphenyl   Decachlorobiphenyl is a PCB which was found to be an industrial pollutant.
Decamine   Decamine is a widely used herbicide.
Dechlorane   Mirex is a pesticide banned in most of the world.
Dechlorane Plus    Dechlorane Plus is a flame retardant containing chlorine.
Dechlorane Plus (stereo isomer)    Dechlorane Plus is a flame retardant containing chlorine.
Decopur   Decopur is a widely used herbicide.
Diacetylene   Diacetylene has been observed in circumstellar envelopes and in the atmosphere of Saturn's largest moon, Titan.
Diamond   The diamond is a valuable mineral.
Diazepam   Diazepam is a compound that belongs to a group of benzodiazepine tranquilizers.
Diazomethane   Diazomethane is a yellow gas with a musty odor.
Dibenzoyl peroxide   An organic compound that is a component of hardener paste.
6,6'-Dibromo-indigo   Dibromoindigo in solution is blue but when used as a dye on wool the color is purple.
Dicamba or 3,6-Dichloro-2-methoxybenzoic acid    Dicamba is part of many broadband herbicides.
Dicarbon monoxide   Dicarbon Monoxide is a carbonyl carbene, which are building blocks in the synthesis of organic compounds.
2,2'-Dichlorobiphenyl   Dichlorobiphenyl is a PCB which was found to be an industrial pollutant.
4,4'-Dichlorobiphenyl   Dichlorobiphenyl is a PCB which was found to be an industrial pollutant.
Dichloro-difluoro-methane   Dichlorodifluoromethane is a gas that was used as a refrigerant.
1,2-Dichloroethane   1,2-Dichloroethane is a clear, colorless, heavy, flammable, oily liquid with a pleasant chloroform- like odor.
1,2-Dichloronapthalene   1,2-Dichloronaphthalene is a polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbon no longer industrially produced due to its toxicity.
1,5-Dichloronapthalene   1,5-Dichloronaphthalene is a polychlorinated aromatic hydrocarbon no longer industrially produced due to its toxicity.
2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic acid   2,4-Dichlorophenoxyacetic Acid is a widely used herbicide.
Dichromate ion   Dichromate is an ion with a 2- charge used as an oxidizing agent.
Dieldrin   Dieldrin is an organochlorine hydrocarbon that arises when the insecticide aldrin rapidly degrades in the environment under the action of sunlight or bacteria.
Dihydroxyacetone phosphate   DHAP is an intermediate molecule involved in processes occurring in the body as glycolysis and gluconeogenesis.
Diketene   Acetyl ketene freezes at 20 degrees F.
Dimethyl sulfide   Dimethyl sulfide gives off the smell of decaying vegetables and at other times can smell like sweet corn.
Dimethylpyrazine   2,5-dimethylpyrazine is a colorless liquid that is soluble in water and organic compounds.
Dimethyltryptamine   Dimethyltryptamine is a nautral hallucinogen found in numerous plants.
Dinitrogen tetroxide   Dinitrogen tetroxide is an oxidizer and highly toxic and corrosive gas.
Dinitrophenol   2,4-Dinitrophenol is the most important of dinitrophenol's six possible isomers, resembling a yellow sand-like crystalline solid.
Dinitrotoluene   Dinitrotoluene is a highly reactive chemical used in the production of munitions and explosives.
Dioxane   Dioxane is colorless liquid with a faint, pleasant odor.
Dioxin   TCDD or 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin is a chemical known to cause health problems.
1,2-Diphenylhydrazine   Diphenylhydrazine can be converted into benzidine, a known human carcinogen.
Di-t-butyl-peroxide   Di-tert-Butyl Peroxide is a colorless to yellow liquid, with characteristic odor.
Diuron   Diuron is a substituted urea herbicide.
Divinyl acetylene   Divinyl Acetylene belongs to Class-III peroxidizable compounds, which forms peroxides upon aging.
DL-3-Aminoisobutyric acid monohydrate   Aminoisobutyric acid monohydrate is a non-protein amino acid, which posses an antifungal activity.
Dodecanedioic acid   Dodecanedioic acid is a white crystalline powder incompatible with strong oxidizing agents and reducing agents.
Dolomite   The limestone Dolomites in northern Italy are one of Europe's greatest natural sites.
Domeykite   Domeykite is a semi-metal alloy used as a minor ore of copper and for ornamental purposes.
Durdenite   Emmonsite is one of the few minerals which contain tellurium.
Durotox   PCP is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in water or alcohol.
Dynamite   Dynamite is the most stable of all high explosives.
Dysamide C   Dysamide C is natural product isolated from a marine sponge Dysidea fragilis.
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E

Ecstasy   MDMA is a synthetic amphetamine derivative used predominantly by humans for recreational purposes.
Emmonsite   Emmonsite is one of the few minerals which contain tellurium.
Endrin   Endrin is an organochlorine pesticide that was once used to kill insects on cotton, rice, and corn, and to control rodents in orchards.
Epinephrine   Adrenaline is a hormone synthesized in the adrenal medulla.
ε-Caprolactam   Caprolactam was discovered in 1886 and means goat s milk .
Epsomite   Epsomite, known as the epsom salt, was created for medicinal purposes.
Erythrite   Erythrite has an unusual and unique bright red-purple color very attractive to collectors.
Erythromycin   Erythromycin is an antibiotic that is used for several purposes.
Estradiol   Estradiol is a sex hormone.
Estrol   Estrone is a sex hormone.
Estrone   Estrone is a sex hormone.
Ethane   Ethane is the simplest structural form of a hydrocarbon.
Ethane carboxylic acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
Ethanol   Ethanol is used throughout the world.
Ethyl alcohol   Ethanol is used throughout the world.
Ethyl ether   Divinyl ether is a colorless low boiling liquid.
Ethyl maltol   Ethyl maltol is a flavor enhancer that is safe, non-toxic, and highly used.
Ethylene   Ethylene is a simple but highly useful organic chemical.
Ethylene carboxylic acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
Ethylene glycol   Ethylene glycol used to create artificial smoke or fog used in theatrical productions.
Ethylene oxide   EtO is toxic, flammable and highly reactive.
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F

Ferredoxin   Ferredoxin is a reducing agent used in production of bioelements.
Ferric chloride   Ferric chloride is a red-orange solid that has hygroscopic properties.
Ferric oxide   Ferric oxide color changes with increasing particle size from light red to dark violet.
Ferrous chloride   Ferrous chloride is a pale greenish salt-like crystal or powder, which is soluble in water.
Fluoranthene   Fluoranthene is a component of diesel exhaust.
Fluorapatite   Apatite is found in all rock types.
Fluorene   Fluorene is a component of corn silk, diesel exhaust, and dyestuffs.
Fluorite   Fluorite is thermo-luminescent, that is it glows when heated.
5-Fluorouracil   5-Fluorouracil is an antimetabolite used to treat cancer.
Fluoxetine   Fluoxetine, known as Prozac, is a SSRI-type antidepressant.
Fool's Gold   Chalcopyrite is a brassy yellow mineral that tarnishes to irridescent blues, greens, yellows and purples.
Formic acid   Formic acid is a colorless liquid with a pungent a penetrating odor and sour taste.
Fructose   Fructose is the primary sugar found in fruits.
Fructose-6-phosphate   Fructose-6-Phosphate is a phosphorylated form of fructose commonly found in plant cells and animal tissues.
C70 Fullerene   Fullerenes are spherical, cagelike molecules consisting of annelated carbon five - and six rings.
Fumaric acid   Fumaric acid is used as a substitute of tartaric acid in beverages and baking powders.
Fumiquinazoline C   Fumiquinazoline C was isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of the fish Pseudolabrus japonicus.
Fumiquinazoline C acetone solvate   Fumiquinazoline C was isolated from the gastrointestinal tract of the fish Pseudolabrus japonicus.
Furaldehyde   Furfural is a colorless liquid that has a pleasant, almond-like aromatic odor; upon exposure to air it turns dark brown.
2-Furoic acid   2-Fuoric acid is an alcaloid found in Erythroxylum dekindtii, a plant similar to Erythroxylum coca.
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G

Galacturonic acid   Galacturonic acid prepared from pectin can be used to synthesize vitamin C.
Galena   Galena is the main source of lead and is a very soft mineral.
Gallic acid   Gallic acid is a colorless, crystalline, organic acid found in gallnuts, sumach, tea leaves, oak bark, and various other plants.
Gallic acid monohydrate   Gallic acid is a colorless, crystalline, organic acid found in gallnuts, sumach, tea leaves, oak bark, and various other plants.
Garnet   Garnet is an abundant gemstone.
Gaspeite   The lime green mineral Gaspeite was first found in the town Gaspeite in Quebec, Canada.
Germane   Germane is a colorless, toxic and flammable gas.
D-Glucitol   Sorbitol is a bulk sweetner with a pleasant taste. It is a suitable substitute for sugar.
Glucocorticoid   Desoxymethasone is a topical administered corticosteroid.
Glucose   Glucose is the most common monosaccharide.
Glucuronic acid   Glucuronic acid is a needle-shaped crystal derived from gum acacia.
Glutamate   Glutamate is one of two acidic amino acids.
Glutamic acid   Glutamate is one of two acidic amino acids.
Glutamine   Glutamine, a nonessential amino acid, is an abundant protein building block found in both plants and animals.
Glutaric acid   Glutaric acid is used for the manufacture of polyamides and polyesters.
Glycine   Glycine is a non-essential amino acid that helps to convert potential toxic substances into harmless forms.
Gold   Gold is a soft and valuable metal.
Graphite   Graphite is a polymorph of the element carbon.
Guanidinium nitrate   Guanidinium nitrate is crystalline powder used in medicine as muscle stimulant.
Guanine   Guanine is a purine base found in nucleic acids such as DNA and RNA.
Guanosine   Guanosine is a purine nucleoside.
Gypsum   Gypsum is a white, yellow, or colorless mineral that is mainly used to produce plaster.
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H

Halite   Halite is one of many substances that are essential for human life.
Halloysite   Halloysite clays are used to make the highest quality porcelain.
Halomon   Halomon is a marine toxin that displays anti-tumor activity.
Hardystonite   Hardystonite is a white to pink mineral that fluoresces, dark purple, under UV light.
HCB   HCB is a persistent organic pollutant.
Hematite   Hematite is the principle ore of iron used in the manufacture of steel.
Heptachlor   Heptachlor is ranked one of the most hazardous compounds to ecosystems and human health.
Heptachlor epoxide   Heptachlor epoxide is formed from the pollutant heptachlor in the environment.
Hessite   Silver telluride is a soft, steel-gray, lustrous mineral.
HEX   Hexachlorocyclopentadiene is precursor for manufacturing pesticides, flame retardants, resins, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and plastics.
Hexachlorobenzene   HCB is a persistent organic pollutant.
Hexachlorocyclohexane   Gamma-HCH is used as a commercial insecticide in fruit and vegetable crops.
Hexachlorocyclopentadiene   Hexachlorocyclopentadiene is precursor for manufacturing pesticides, flame retardants, resins, dyes, pharmaceuticals, and plastics.
Hexafluorosulfide   Sulfur hexafluoride is a unique gas due to its chemical inertness and stability.
Hexahydrobenzene   Cyclohexane is a naturally occurring hydrocarbon.
Hexane   Hexane is a colorless, volatile liquid with a mild, gasoline-like odor.
Histidine   Histidine is a non-essential amino acid, although it is sometimes essential for children.
(-)-Histrionicotoxin   Histrionicotoxin is a poison that comes from a small brightly colored frog, called Dendrobates Histrionicus.
Honulactone D   Honulactone D was isolated from the Indonesian marine sponge Strepsichlordaia aliena.
Hyaluronidase   Hyaluronidase is an enzyme that can be purified from bee and snake venom.
Hydrated iron tellurite   Emmonsite is one of the few minerals which contain tellurium.
Hydrazine   Hydrazine is a strong reducing agent.
Hydrochloric acid (if in aqueous solution)   Hydrochloric acid is a colorless to slightly yellow fuming liquid with a pungent and irritating odor.
Hydrogen bromide   Hydrogen Bromide is a component of volcano gas.
Hydrogen cyanide   Cyanide is a chemical asphyxiant; it stops the tissue from utilizing oxygen which makes it a potentially fatal poison.
Hydrogen fluoride   Hydrogen fluoride can be a colorless gas or a fuming liquid with a strong an irritating odor.
Hydrogen iodide   Hydrogen iodide is used for its expectorant action in chronic bronchitis and bronchial asthma.
Hydrogen peroxide   Peroxide is an environmental alternative to chlorine based bleaches.
Hydrogen selenide   Hydrogen Selenide is used in doping as mix for preparation of semiconductor materials.
Hydrogen sulfide   Hydrogen Sulfide is a colorless gas with a strong odor of rotten eggs and sweetish taste.
Hydronium   Hydronium forms in the presence of hydrogen ions and water.
Hydroxide ion   The hydroxyl radical is a simple compound that when combined with metals usually forms bases like NaOH.
p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde   p-Hydroxybenzaldehyde is claimed as antitumor agent without side effects.
m-Hydroxybenzoic acid   m-Hydroxybenzoic acid is used for the preparation of biocides, pharmaceuticals, antiseptics, dyes and plasticizers.
p-Hydroxybenzoic acid   p-Hydroxybenzoic acid is a food preservative and is used as stabilizers in cosmetic preparations.
Hydroxyisobutyric acid   Hydroxyisobutyric acid serves as intermediate for pharmaceuticals, agro-, and photochemicals.
Hypochlorite   Hypochlorite is produced when chlorine is added to water.
Hyposulfite   Sodium hyposulfite is used in laboratories for deoxygenation of samples.
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I

Ibuprofen   Ibuprofen is a very popular drug used to assist in reducing inflammatory response.
Indole   Indole is a bicyclic heteroaromatic compound.
Inesite   Inesite is a rose colored mineral often mistaken for rhodochrosite.
Iodine pentafluoride   Iodine pentafluoride is a hexa-atomic interhalogen.
Iron   Iron is the second most abundant metal in earth's crust.
Iron monosulfide   Iron monosulfide form colorless hexagonal crystals when pure.
Iron monoxide   Iron oxide pigments are used in audio, video tapes, cassettes and in magnetic printing inks.
isobutane   isobutane is a relatively stable, low molecular weight alkane.
Isodrin   Isodrin was used as insecticide and is a persistent organic pollutant.
isoleucine   isoleucine is a hydrophobic, nonpolar, essential amino acid.
isopropanol   isopropanol is the main component in rubbing alcohol.
isopropyl ether   Di-isopropyl ether is used as a solvent.
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J

Jadeite   Jade is a popular and valuable gemstone used in China since at least 2950 B.C.
Juglone   Juglone is used as a natural herbicide.
Juncusol   Juncusol was isolated from the Juncus roemerianus and is a potential antimicrobial agent.
Juncusol diacetate   Juncusol was isolated from the Juncus roemerianus and is a potential antimicrobial agent.
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K

Kalihinene   Kalihinene was isolated from the Japanese marine sponge, Acanthella cavernosa.
Kepone   Kepone is a pesticide that has been banned in the US and elsewhere.
Keramamine-A   Keramamine-A was isolated from the Okinawan marine sponge Pellina species as antimicrobial substance.
Keramamine-A hydrochloride   Keramamine-A was isolated from the Okinawan marine sponge Pellina species as antimicrobial substance.
Keramaphidin B   Keramaphidin B has been isolated from an Okinawan marine sponge Amphimedon sp.
Ketene   Ketene is a colorless, poisonous gas that is an irritant of the lungs, and it is used chiefly as an acetylation agent.
Kilprop   Kilprop is a selective hormone type phenoxy herbicide used for the selective control of surface creeping weeds.
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L

Lactose   Lactose is the only simple sugar that is produced by animals and is commonly found in the milk fed to mammalian young.
β-Lactose   Lactose is the only simple sugar that is produced by animals and is commonly found in the milk fed to mammalian young.
Lankalapuol A   Lankalapuol A ia brominated sesquiterpene isolated from the marine mollusk Aplysia dactylomela.
Lankalapuol A acetate   Lankalapuol A ia brominated sesquiterpene isolated from the marine mollusk Aplysia dactylomela.
Laurencin   (+)-Laurencin is a marine natural product isolated from red algae, Laurencia glandilifera.
Lauric acid   Lauric acid is found in vegetable oils such as cinnamon oil, butter, coconut oil, and palm oil.
Leucine   Leucine is an essential amino acid.
Limonene   Limonene is one of the components in the fragrance of Lemons.
Lindane   Lindane is used as a commercial insecticide in fruit and vegetable crops.
Linoleic acid   Linoleic acid is a polyunsaturated fatty acid found in plant and dairy products.
LSD   LSD is a potent mood altering chemical.
D-(-)-Luciferin   Luciferin is a pigment occurring in luminescent organism as fireflies.
Lyphocin   Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic.
Lysine   Lysine is one of the 8 essential amino acids and is involved with calcium absorption.
Lysozyme   Lysozyme is a natural antibiotic produced by the animal body.
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M

Magic mushrooms   Psilocybin is a member of the tryptamine family.
Malachite   Malachite is a carbonate that is an important ore of copper, an ornamental stone, a pigment, and a component of jewelry.
Maleic acid   Maleic acid is used in making polyesters, surface coatings and lubricant additives.
(+-)-Malic acid   Malic acid is a substance that has a clean, mellow, smooth, persistent, and sour taste.
(+-)-Malic acid   Malic acid is a compound necessary for photosynthesis.
Malonic acid   Propanedioic acid, also known as malonic acid, is a white crystalline dicarboxylic acid.
Maltol   Maltol is a white substance usually found in powder or needle crystal form, which has a burning sweet flavor.
Maltose   Maltose is made from two glucose units and used in alcohol production.
Manzamine A   Manzamine A hydrochloride is an antitumor alkaloid found within a sponge.
Manzamine B   Manzamine B is an alkaloid in the biogenetically unique manzamine family.
Marcasite   Marcasite is a decorative mineral.
MDMA   MDMA is a synthetic amphetamine derivative used predominantly by humans for recreational purposes.
Mecopar   Mecopar is a selective hormone type phenoxy herbicide used for the selective control of surface creeping weeds.
Mecoprop   Mecoprop is a selective hormone type phenoxy herbicide used for the selective control of surface creeping weeds.
Melanin   Melanin-the brown-black pigment found in skin, hair, and eyes.
Melanterite   Melanterite is a water soluble sulfate mineral.
Melatonin   Melatonin is a hormone released according to the body's circadian rythm.
Melittin   Melittin is the main active toxin of bee venom.
Menadione   Menadione is vitamin K3.
6-Mercaptopurine   Mercaptopurine is an anti-cancer agent.
Mercaptopurine monohydrate   Mercaptopurine is an anti-cancer agent.
Mescaline   Hallucinogenic drug produced by the peyote cactus.
Mescaline hydrochloride   Hallucinogenic drug produced by the peyote cactus.
Methacrylate   Methacrylates and acrylates are a large group of polymers that together form acrylic plastics.
Methane   Methane is a non-toxic, colorless, odorless gas that comprises 94.6% of natural gas.
Methanol   Methanol is the simplest alcohol.
Methionine   Methionine is an essential amino acid that is involved with initiation of protein translation.
Methoxychlor   Methoxychlor is a pesticide regulated in the US and elsewhere.
Methyl acrylate   Methyl Acrylate is a component tobacco smoke.
Methyl benzoate   Methyl benzoate is a colorless to slightly yellow, oily fragrant liquid.
Methyl cyanide   Methyl cyanide, also known as Acetonitrile, is used for the preparation of pharmaceuticals.
Methyl p-hydroxybenzoate    Methyl benzoate is a colorless to slightly yellow, oily fragrant liquid.
Methyl mercaptan   Methyl Mercaptan is used as a gas odorant and as intermediate in pesticide manufacture.
Methylamine   Methylamine smells fishy.
Methylcyanoacetylene   Methylcyanoacetylene was determined by observing microwave transitions.
Methyldiacetylene   Methyldiacetylene is an interstellar molecule that has been detected in the molecular cloud TMC-1.
Methylpyrazine   Methylpyrazine is used as flavor in bakery goods and chocolate products.
Millerite   Millerite is a very rare, metallic mineral.
Mimetite   Mimetite is a minor ore of lead and a popular mineral among collectors.
Miracle   Miracle is a widely used herbicide.
Mirbane oil   Nitrobenzene is the simplest aromatic nitro compound.
Mirex   Mirex is a pesticide banned in most of the world.
Molybdenite   Molybdenite is a very soft metallic mineral easily confused with graphite.
Molybdenum hexacarbonyl   Molybdenum hexacarbonyl is a central molybdenum atom surrounded by 6 carbonyl ligands.
Molybdenum sulfide   Molybdenite is a very soft metallic mineral easily confused with graphite.
Molybdic ochre   Molybdenite is a very soft metallic mineral easily confused with graphite.
Monosan   Monosan is a widely used herbicide.
Morphine   Morphine is a common analgesic that is prescribed for severe pain.
Motrin   Ibuprofen is a very popular drug used to assist in reducing inflammatory response.
Muscovite   Muscovite has many industrial uses as an insulator and lubricant.
Musk xylene   Musk xylol is a substance that has a musky aroma that is included in many fragrances.
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N

NAG   Glucosamine is natural sugar molecule found in the shells of chitin(shellfish).
Naphthol   Alpha-Naphthol is used for the dyes mordant black and brown.
Naprosyn   Naproxen is a white, odorless solid.
Naproxen   Naproxen is a white, odorless solid.
Napthalene   Naphthalene is a white solid that can be found naturally in fossil fuels.
Neamphine   Neamphine is a cytotoxic metabolite of the marine sponge.
Needle tin   Cassiterite is a mineral with high luster.
Neohalicholactone   Neohalicholactone was isolated from the brown alga, Laminaria sinclairii and from marine sponge, Halichondria okadai.
N-(p-Bromobenzamide)gymnodimine benzene solvate   N-(p-Bromobenzamide)gymnodimine is a biotoxin causing neurotoxic shellfish poisoning.
Nicotine   Nicotine is a chemical substance, known as a liquid alkaloid, found in tobacco leaves, roots, and seeds.
Niter   Niter has several uses, from a fertilizer to a reverse aphrodisiac.
Nitrate ion   Nitrates are used as fertilizers.
Nitric acid (aqueous solution)   Nitric acid is a strong monobasic acid and an oxidizing agent, which is characterized by a colorless, yellow, or red liquid.
Nitrite ion   Nitrogen Dioxide is formed when fuel burns at a high temperature.
Nitrobenzol   Nitrobenzene is the simplest aromatic nitro compound.
Nitroguanidine   Nitroguanidine is an intermediate in the synthesis of pharmaceuticals.
Nitrophenol   4-Nitrophenol is a colorless to light yellow crystal with no odor but a sweet, then burning taste.
Nitrous oxide   Nitrous oxide is widely used as a propellant in aerosol cans in place of the CFC's, which damage the ozone layer.
Norcholestane   Norcholestane is a steroid derivative of the norsteroids.
Nuprin   Ibuprofen is a very popular drug used to assist in reducing inflammatory response.
Nutrasweet   Aspartame is a common artificial sweetener.
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O

Octanitrocubane   Octanitrocubane is believed to be potentially the world's powerful non-nuclear explosive .
Octanoic acid   Octanoic acid, also known as caprylic acid, is a fatty acid with eight carbons.
Oestrin   Estrone is a sex hormone.
Oestrone   Estrone is a sex hormone.
Oleic acid   Oleic acid is an unsaturated fatty acid found in vegetable and animal fats that has many medical and manufacuturing uses.
Oxalate   An oxylate, or oxalate, is the salt of a metal ion and oxalic acid.
Oxalic acid   Oxalic acid occurs naturally in plants and is also synthesized by the human body.
Oxirane   Ethylene oxide is a flammable, colorless gas above 51.3 degrees Celsius.
Oxychlor   Oxychlor is a persistent organic pollutant.
Oxytetracycline   Tetracycline is a common antibiotic.
Ozone   Ozone can be a colorless to blue gas, dark blue liquid or blue-black crystals with a pungent odor.
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P

Paraherquamide   Paraherquamide is a natural product with a potential anthelmintic activity.
Paroxetine hydrochloride hemihydrate   Paroxetine hydrochloride is an odorless, off-white powder used as antidepressant drug.
PCB-4   Dichlorobiphenyl is a PCB which was found to be an industrial pollutant.
PCB-15   Dichlorobiphenyl is a PCB which was found to be an industrial pollutant.
Pectenotoxin   Pectenotoxins are cyclic polyether.
Pectenotoxin-1 trihydrate   Pectenotoxins are cyclic polyether.
Penicillin   Penicillin is derived from the fungus Penicillium or created by partially artificial processes.
Pennamine   Pennamine is a widely used herbicide.
Pentaacetoxy taxadiene hydrate   Taxadiene is a natural product found in Taxus baccata plants used to the synthesis of taxol.
Pentacarbon monosulfide   Pentacarbon Monosulfide was determined by observing microwave transitions.
Pentacarbon monoxide   Pentacarbon Monoxide was determined by observing microwave transitions.
Pentacene   Pentacene is an organic compound released into the environment through man-made or natural sources.
Pentachlorophenol   PCP is a white crystalline powder that is soluble in water or alcohol.
n-Pentacosane   Pentacosane is a cuticular hydrocarbon found in most insects.
Pentaerythritol tetranitrate   Pentaerythritol tetranitrate (PETN) is a nitrate that is commonly found in the biochemical industry to alleviate chest pain.
Pentane   Pentane is a linear five-carbon hydrocarbon.
Pentatetraenylidene   Pentatetraenylidene is an interstellar molecule detected by microwave spectroscopy.
Peppermint   Menthol is the active ingredient that gives peppermint its cooling taste.
Pepsin   Pepsin is an acidic protease that acts within the digestive system.
Perchlorate   Perchlorate is a chemical anion used in combination with many cations to form salts.
Periclase   Periclase is usually found as a component of metamorphosed dolomitic limestones.
Permanganate   Potassium permanganate is a powerful oxidizing agent which is used frequently despite its toxicity.
Peroxide ion   Peroxide is a dangerous and corrosive oxidizer.
Perylene   Perylene is used in the manufacture of organic semiconductors.
Phenanthrene   Phenanthrene is one of the polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons (PAHs).
Phencyclidine   Phencyclidine is an addictive drug sold illegally on the street.
Phengite 3T   Muscovite has many industrial uses as an insulator and lubricant.
Phenol   Phenol, an industrial solvent, is toxic to humans and also to aquatic life.
Phenolphthalein   Phenolphthalein consists of three phenol rings attatched to a common carbon atom.
Phenoxymethylpenicillin   Penicillin is derived from the fungus Penicillium or created by partially artificial processes.
Phenylalanine   An essential amino acid which aids in the biosynthesis of several neurotransmitters.
Phenylmercuric acetate   Phenylmercuric acetate is used as an herbicide and fungicide for crops.
Phloroglucinol   Phloroglucinol is used as a bone-decalcifying agent, as a floral preservative, and in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Phloroglucinol dihydrate   Phloroglucinol is used as a bone-decalcifying agent, as a floral preservative, and in the manufacture of pharmaceuticals.
Phosgene   Phosgene is a colorless, nonflammable gas at room temperature and a colorless, fuming liquid below 47F.
Phosphine   Phosphine is an air pollutant and a natural product of swamps and sewers.
Phosphoenol pyruvate   Phosphoenolpyruvate is an important biological molecule that has many regulatory functions.
Phosphoenol pyruvic acid   Phosphoenolpyruvate is an important biological molecule that has many regulatory functions.
Phosphoric acid   Phosphoric acid is a triprotic acid used in biology and industry.
Phosphorus monoxide   Phosphorus Monoxide is unstable relative to more highly oxidized phosphorus oxides.
Phosphorus pentachloride   Phosphorus pentachloride is a small inorganic chemical.
Phycocyanin   Phycocyanin is a blue pigment found in some algae.
Phycocyanobilin   Phycocyanobilin is a compound that has a role in photosynthesis.
Phycoerythrin   Phycoerythrin is a fluorescent protein isolated from a red algae.
Phylloquinone   Phylloquinone is often called vitamin K.
Picene   Picene is an aromatic hydrocarbon.
Picric acid   Picric acid, or trinitrophenol, is a highly reactive, toxic compound used in the manufacture of dyes and high-powered explosives.
Picryl chloride   Chlorotrinitrobenzene is a chlorinated hydrocarbon that forms white needle crystals.
Pinene   α-pinene is a product used both in flavor and fragrance that has a warm, resinous aroma with a pine-like odor.
Pinnatazane   Pinnatazane was isolated from the red algae Laurencia pinnatifida.
Piperazinomycin   Piperazinomycin is a natural product that was isolated from the cultured broth of Streptoverticillium olivoreticuli.
Piperazinomycin monohydrobromide   Piperazinomycin is a natural product that was isolated from the cultured broth of Streptoverticillium olivoreticuli.
Piperine   Piperine is the primary component in black pepper.
Plastocyanin   Plastocyanin is a single strand protein.
Plastoquinone   Plastoquinone is an essential component in the process of photosynthesis, specifically in photosystem II.
Platinum   Platinum is a valuable metal that is more precious than gold and is used in jewelry, electroplating, and dentistry.
Potassium phenolate   Potassium phenolate is the starting material for the industrial production of p-hydroxybenzoate.
Pregnenolone   Pregnenolone is considered to be the precursor to all steroidal hormones.
Prianosin A   Prianosin A with potent antineoplastic activity was isolated from the Okinawan marine sponge Prianos melanos.
Progesterone   Progesterone is the pregnancy hormone secreted by the ovaries.
Progestin   Progesterone is the pregnancy hormone secreted by the ovaries.
Proline   Proline is one of the primary building blocks of collagen.
Prometone   Prometone is a colorless powder or a white crystalline solid used as non-selective herbicide.
Propadienylidene   Propadienylidene play an important role as intermediates in organic synthesis.
Propane   Propane is used as a combined solvent and refrigerant for the refining of lubricants and other products.
Propene acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
2-Propenoic acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
Propionic acid   Propanoic acid or propinoic acid is a short chain fatty acid.
Propyne   Propyne is the second simplest member of the acetylene family.
Prozac   Fluoxetine, known as Prozac, is a SSRI-type antidepressant.
Pseudopterosin F   Pseudopterosin F is a potent anti-inflammatory agent.
Pseudopterosin F dihydrate   Pseudopterosin F is a potent anti-inflammatory agent.
Psilocybin   Psilocybin is a member of the tryptamine family.
Pyrene   Pyrene is a byproduct of the manufactures gas process and incomplete combustion process.
Pyridine   Pyridine is used as an intermediate in making insecticides and herbicides.
Pyrite   Pyrite is often mistaken for "Fool's Gold" because of it's gold like color and opaque crystals.
Pyrrhotite   Pyrrhotite is a magnetic mineral whose crystals are an opaque bronze color.
Pyruvate   Pyruvate serves as a biological fuel by being converted to acetyl coenzyme A in the Krebs cycle.
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Q

Quartz   Quartz is one of the most abundant and widely distributed minerals in the world.
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R

RDX   Trimethylenenitramine is a nitramine that is used an explosive and a propellant.
Realgar   A rare soft red to orange-yellow sulfide with a sub-metallic luster.
Retinoic acid   Retinoic acid is used in the treatment of acne and for the aging of the skin.
Rhodochrosite   Rhodochrosite is a rose colored mineral discovered in Argentina.
Ribulose-bisphosphate   Ribulose bisphosphate is a compound that plays an important role in the Calvin-Benson cycle.
Rotenone   Rotenone is a natural substance that has been used as crop insecticide and as a fish control agent.
Rotenone carbon tetrachloride solvate   Rotenone is a natural substance that has been used as crop insecticide and as a fish control agent.
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S

Saccharin   Saccharin is one of the oldest artificial sweeteners in use today.
Salicylaldehyde   Salicylaldehyde is extremely harmful if inhaled, ingested, or absorbed through the skin.
Salicylic acid   Salicylic acid is used in the manufacture of acetylasalicylic acid, known as aspirin.
Salinamide B   Salinamide B is currently being studied as an anti-inflammatory agent produced by the marine bacterium Streptomyces.
Salinamide B monohydrate   Salinamide B is currently being studied as an anti-inflammatory agent produced by the marine bacterium Streptomyces.
Saxitoxin   Saxitioxin is harbored in puffer fish, rendering the fish quite poisonous.
Saxitoxin ethyl hemiketal dihydrochloride monohydrate   Saxitoxin is harbored in puffer fish, rendering the fish quite poisonous.
Scalaradial   Scalaradial is a compound found in marine sponges.
Scapolite   When scapolite is in a dissolution of hydrochloric acid, silica remains.
Serine   Serine is one of the 12 non-essential amino acids.
Showdomycin   Showdomycin is an antibiotic that inhibits the growth of bacteria.
Siderite   Siderite can be found growing in sedimentary and hydrothermal environments.
Silicon dicarbide   Silicon dicarbide has been detected in cooler carbon stars.
Silicon monosulfide   Silicon monosulfide is a diatromic molecule found in interstellar clouds.
Silicon monoxide   Silicon Monoxide is an excellent coating material for optical devices like mirrors, reflectors, lenses, etc.
Silver   Silver is a very conductive, shiny metal known since prehistory.
Silylene   Silylenes have been proposed as catalysts for olefin polymerization.
Sinhalite   Sinhalite is a brownish green carbonate mineral.
Sodalite   Sodalite is a blue ornamental stone that was name because of its sodium content.
Sodium chloride   Sodium chloride is commonly known as table salt.
Sodium persulfate   Sodium persulfate is an inorganic, ionic compound.
Sodium phenolate   Sodium phenolate is used in the manufacture of antiseptics and as starting material for making salicylic acid.
Sorbic acid   Sorbic acid is used as a preservative in foods, tobacco, cosmetics and pharmaceuticals.
Sorbitol   Sorbitol is a bulk sweetner with a pleasant taste. It is a suitable substitute for sugar.
Sphalerite   Sphalerite is an important ore of zinc which can have excellent luster.
Spinel   Spinel is the only gemstone in the spinel group of mineral oxides and gives this group its name.
Stannic chloride   Stannic chloride is a colorless fuming liquid with an acrid smell.
Stearic acid   Stearic acid is used in making candles, soaps, cosmetic formulations and rubber.
Stream tin   Cassiterite is a mineral with high luster.
Streptonigrin   Streptonigrin is antibiotic that help fights against tumors and other viruses.
Streptonigrin ethylacetate solvate   Streptonigrin is antibiotic that help fights against tumors and other viruses.
Strontianite   Strontianite is a rare carbon mineral.
Strychnine   Strychnine is so poisonous that only 0.35 grams will kill an adult.
Styphnic acid hydrate   This compound is a dibasic acid.
Styrene   Styrene is used in the manufacture of plastics, synthetic rubber and insulators.
Succinic acid   Succinic acid is used as a flavoring agent for food and beverages.
Sucrose   Sucrose is mainly used as sweetener in foods and soft drinks.
Sugar   Sucrose is mainly used as sweetener in foods and soft drinks.
Sulfate ion   Sulfate is the anion produced through the oxidation of elemental sulfur.
Sulfite   Sulfur trioxide is formed when sulfur dioxide reacts with water in the air.
Sulfur   In ancient times, sulfur was called brimstone.
Sulfur monoxide   Sulfur Monoxide is the second most abundant gas observed in the atmosphere of Jupiter's moon.
Sulfur oxide tetrafluoride   Sulfur fluoride oxide has a very strong odor.
Sulfuric acid   H2SO4 is a dense, colorless, oily, corrosive liquid.
Sweet N Low   Saccharin is one of the oldest artificial sweeteners in use today.
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T

Tamoxifen   Tamoxifen has been used in treatment of breast cancer interfering with the activity of estrogen.
Tanzanite   Tanzanite's name came from the place it was discovered: Tanzania, Africa.
Tartaric acid   Tartaric acid is a natural white crystalline compound found in many plants.
Testosterone   Testosterone is a hormone essential to both males and females.
Tetrabromodichlorobipyrrole   Dichloro-dimethyl-tetrabromo-bipyrrole is an organohalogen compound that was isolated from a Chromobacterium.
2,2',6,6'-Tetrachlorobiphenyl   Tetrachlorobiphenyl is a PCB which was found to be an industrial pollutant.
2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzo-p-dioxin   TCDD or 2,3,7,8-Tetrachlorodibenzo-p-dioxin is a chemical known to cause health problems.
2,3,7,8-Tetrachloro-dibenzofuran   TCDF is a persistent organic pollutant that accumulates in the environment.
Tetracycline   Tetracycline is a common antibiotic.
Tetradecanol   Tetradecanol, also called lanette wax, is made from stearyl alcohol.
1,3,5,7-Tetrafluorocylcooctatetraene   It has been speculated that tetrafluorocylcooctatetraene was designed as a means to distinguish different absorbance spectra.
Tetrahydrocortisol   Cortisol is a steroid hormone secreted in response to physical or psychological stress.
Tetrahydrofuran   THF is a colorless, mobile liquid with a faint fruity odor used as solvent in many process.
Tetranitroaniline   Tetranitroaniline is a nitroaromatic compound.
Tetrodotoxin   Is a toxin from the order of puffer fish, tetraodontidae, which can be lethal to humans and other animals.
Tetrodotoxin hydrobromide   Is a toxin from the order of puffer fish, tetraodontidae, which can be lethal to humans and other animals.
Tetryl   Tetryl is a highly reactive and highly flammable solid used as an explosive in detonators.
THF   THF is a colorless, mobile liquid with a faint fruity odor used as solvent in many process.
Thiocarbohydrazide   Thiocarbohydrazide is a common reagent in Transmission and Scanning Electron Microscopy.
Thioketene   Thioketene derivatives are used for preventing or treating hepatitis B.
Thionyl chloride   Thionyl chloride is a corrosive liquid.
Thiophene   Thiophene is a colorless liquid and is a cyclic aromatic compound.
Thioredoxin   Thioredoxin mediates biochemical processes via oxidation-reduction reactionsinvolving sulfur atoms.
Thiourea   Thiourea is used as a chemical catalyst.
Threonine   Threonine is an essential amino acid that is useful in stabilizing blood sugar.
Thymidine   Thymidine is a pyrimidine nucleoside.
Thymine   Thymine is one of the two pyrimidine bases used in forming nucleotides of the nucleic acids DNA and RNA.
Thymol   Thymol is found in liniments, lip balms, toothpaste and mouthwash.
Tin oxide   Cassiterite is a mineral with high luster.
Tinstone   Cassiterite is a mineral with high luster.
Titanium oxide   Titanium Oxide is used as multi-layer coating for laser mirrors, beam splitters and heat reflecting mirrors.
Titanium tetrachloride   Titanium tetrachloride is a colorless to slightly yellow liquid with a penetrating acid smell used as mordant in textile industry.
α-Tocopherol   Vitamin E can be used to prevent and treat arteriosclerosis.
Topaz   Topaz is colorless mineral, but when treated with γ irradiation it turns blue, and becomes a hot commodity on the gem market.
Tourmaline   Tourmaline is one of the most colorful gems in the world; its name comes from the Sinhalese word turmali, meaning mixed.
Toxaphene   Toxaphenes are a mixture of organochlorine pesticides with various chlorination levels.
Triacetylene   Triacetylene is used for the synthesis of polyacetylenes.
Tridecane   Tridecane is one of the major chemicals secreted from some insects as a defense against predators.
Trimesic acid   Trimesic Acid is important in the formation of honeycomb structures, used in crystal engineering.
Trimethylamine   Trimethylamine is used as a synthetic flavor ingredient, useful in fish and seafood.
Trimethylene   Cyclopropane is used as an anesthetic and as a precursor to many pharmaceuticals.
Trimethylpyrazine   2,3,5-trimethylpyrazine is a pheromone excreted by ants.
Trinitrobenzene   Trinitrobenzene is a highly reactive compound that is used in explosives.
Trinitrobenzene   Trinitrobenzene is a highly reactive compound that is used in explosives.
Trinitroresorcinol   This compound is a dibasic acid.
Trioxane   Trioxane is a crystalline solid with a characteristic chloroform-like odor.
Triphenylene   Triphenylene is a pollutant found almost everywhere in the environment.
Triphosgene   Triphosgene decomposes to a poisonous gas.
Trunculin B   Trunculin B has been isolated from a marine sponge, Lautrunculia brevis.
Trunculin B methyl ester   Trunculin B has been isolated from a marine sponge, Lautrunculia brevis.
Tryptophan   Tryptophan is an essential, hydrophobic amino acid.
Turquoise   Turquoise, a vivid blue stone, is one of the oldest known gemstones.
Tyrosine   Tyrosine is a neutral, polar, and hydrophobic amino acid.
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U

Ubiquinone   Ubiquinone is a naturally occurring coenzyme found in the mitochondria of the heart, liver, kidneys, and pancreas.
Undecanol   Undecanol is a chemical that has a mandarin taste.
Uracil   Uracil is one of the four bases of the nucleic acid RNA.
Urea nitrate   Urea nitrate is a loose compound of urea, the diamide of carbonic acid, and nitrate.
Urethane   Ethyl carbamate is a co-solvent and intermediate chemical used the production of many items.
Uridine   Uridine is a pyrimidine nucleoside.
Uridine-5-oxyacetic acid   Uridine is a pyrimidine nucleoside.
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V

Valine   Valine is a hydrophobic c-β branched amino acid.
Valium   Diazepam is a compound that belongs to a group of benzodiazepine tranquilizers.
Vanadinite   Vanadinite can be found in the oxidation zone of lead deposits in arid climates.
Vancocyn   Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic.
Vancomycin   Vancomycin is a glycopeptide antibiotic.
Vanillin   Vanillin is the chief component giving vanilla its taste.
Variscite   Variscite is a phosphate mineral that is often confused with turquoise.
Venlafaxine hydrochloride   Venlafaxine hydrochloride is used for the treatment of severe mental depression.
Vinyl toluene   Vinyl toluene is used as a reactive monomer in the production of polymers and coatings.
Vinylformic acid   Acrylic acid is a plant molecule that is produced by marine algae and used to make plastics.
Vitamin B1   Vitamin B1 is essential for the proper growth of mammals.
Vitamin B12   Vitamin B12 is a water-soluble nutritional supplement.
Vitamin C   Vitamin C is an essential nutrient that is used in many biochemical pathways in the human body.
Vitamin D2   Vitamin D2 is used to promote healthy bones and teeth and is found in fortified milk.
Vitamin D3   Vitamin D3 is one of the most important biological regulators of calcium metabolism.
Vitamin E   Vitamin E can be used to prevent and treat arteriosclerosis.
Vitamin H   Vitamin H is water-soluble and belongs to the group of essential B vitamins.
Vitamin K1   Phylloquinone is often called vitamin K.
Vitamin K3   Menadione is vitamin K3.
Vitamin U   Vitamin U is found in cabbage and is used to treat gastric disorders.
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W

Warfarin   Warfarin is the active ingredient in a variety of commercial rodenticides.
Water   Water is a major constituent of all living matter consisting of two parts hydrogen and one part oxygen.
Weed Tox   Weed Tox is a widely used herbicide.
Weedtrol   Weedtrol is a widely used herbicide.
Wellbutrin   Bupropion is an anti-depressant of the amino-ketone class.
Wood tin   Cassiterite is a mineral with high luster.
Wulfenite   Wulfenite is a minor ore of lead used mainly as a collection piece.
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X

m-Xylene   Xylene occurs naturally in petroleum, wood tar and coal tar.
p-Xylene   Xylene occurs naturally in petroleum, wood tar and coal tar.
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Z

Zippeite   Zippeite is a yellow to golden brown mineral that is radioactive and also fluoresces.
Zircon   Zircon can occur in many different colors and is a transparent to translucent crystal.
Zyban   Bupropion is an anti-depressant of the amino-ketone class.
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